No doubt all the info takes time to assimilate. And as you'll find out entire lifetimesar edevoted to this endevour.
So without explaining it from scratch not that I could anyway. or prtend i more than any ome else let me try the Basics first.
Most coastal areas, with some exceptions, experience two high tides and two low tides every lunar day.
Unlike a solar day, a lunar day is 24 hours and 50 minutes. The lunar day is 50 minutes longer than a solar day because the moon revolves around the Earth in the same direction that the Earth rotates around its axis. So, it takes the Earth an extra 50 minutes to “catch up” to the moon
Because the Earth rotates through two tidal “bulges” every lunar day, coastal areas experience two high and two low tides every 24 hours and 50 minutes. High tides occur 12 hours and 25 minutes apart. It takes six hours and 12.5 minutes for the water at the shore to go from high to low, or from low to high.
This link is pretty awesome.
What are tides what causes tides.
To answer the second part of the questions Ill say. Striped Bass like to feed on the flats close to shore early and late. They also enjoy frothy surf and good cover. They can be found mostly near or in moving water. They are nocturnal predators and they move stealthily and so should you.
Thats not to say they cant be caught during the day because they can. They will no doubt be near the food source. The Bait. and proper water temps. 50 to 70 degrees.
If your happy with dinks you'll catch lots of fish. They feed all the time and tolerate high water temps light and noise even.