Welcome to the site.
The best place to get you started would probably the Stripers 101 thread. It could take quite some time to answer the question you posed. Tackle, line weight, lures and approaches are all discussed in this thread.
Take a little time to browse through it. Everything you need is in here somewhere. The search can be a great help as well.
Basics are at least 17 pound test if your using monofilament. A decent reel that can hold 2 to 300 yards of line.
The rest depends on tactics and presentation.
Hope you enjoy the site and put a few stripeys in the boat with the boys this season.