LIVE STRIPER BAIT
The Atlantic menhaden, which is more commonly called mossbunker or pogy, is a little-known fish outside of the recreational and commercial fishing communities but, in spite of this lack of notoriety, is one of the most important fish species found off the Atlantic and Gulf coasts. The fish seldom exceed a pound or so in weight and have extremely oily flesh. Because of their oiliness they are not considered to be fit for human consumption.
Menhaden are found in very large schools in the warmer inshore and near shore waters, following an annual coastal migration each year. Their habit of traveling in large, densely-packed schools makes them a ready quarry for purse-seine equipped vessels. Their vast number support a very large fishery, providing both fish oil and meal for industrial/agricultural uses and bait vital to a large number of commercial and recreational fisheries.
More on Menhaden
Where are Atlantic menhaden spawned,
Where do they go after hatching?
Spawning is in the ocean. One important spawning site is at Onslow Bay, North Carolina. Some spawning takes place along the Atlantic coast from Massachusetts to Florida. The young menhaden first drifts with currents until it reaches an inlet, then works upstream to live for the summer near freshwater. In fall, schools move downstream to permanent ocean residence.
OTHER COMMON NAMES - pogy, mossbunker, bunker, fat-back, bugmouth and shad
PHYLUM AND SUBPHYLUM - Chordata, CLASS AND SUBCLASS - Osteichthyes, ORDER AND SUBORDER - Clupeiformes, FAMILY AND SUBFAMILY - Clupeidae, GENUS AND SUBGENUS - Brevoortia, SPECIES AND SSP - tyrannus, SCIENTIFIC NAME - Brevoortia tyrannus AUTHORITY - Latrobe TAXONOMY REFERENCES - 1229 COMMENTS ON TAXONOMY -
Other common names include pogy, mossbunker, bunker, fat-back, shad,
(Clupeidae: subfamily Alosinae) constitute a cosmopolitan group of fishes that exploit a wide range of habitats worldwide. Many of the 30+ species in this subfamily currently support or have historically supported important commercial fisheries. Now, in the 21st century, as the mounting pressures of human population growth and pollution continue to impinge on natural ecosystems, many of these alosine species are experiencing serious declines. Some are locally extinct in large areas of their historic range and are threatened in the remainder. The triumvirate assaults of habitat loss or degradation, pollution, and overharvesting could eventually result in global extinction of many species.
Gizzard shad are found in schools and prefer calm, productive, warm waters. Although they can be found in rivers and streams. Their habitat also includes natural lakes and ponds. They feed almost entirely on microscopic organisms. They are widely abundant in all of the larger streams and lakes. Gizzard shad range in length from 2 to 14 inches, and are harder to catch than Threadfin shad. You will usually only be able to catch them 1 or 2 at a time in your cast net. Large Gizzard shad are one of the best live baits for catching trophy stripers. Tip. Cut the gizzard out and try the gizzard by itself without the fish.
Threadfin shad are your most common shad. Therefore they are the easiest to catch. They live in lakes, large rivers, and reservoirs . Although this fish is probably not native to most reservoirs, it has been widely introduced into them as a forage species. Threadfin shad feed on plankton and range in size from 1 to 6 inches. Threadfin shad are sensitive to cool temperatures, and decrease swimming and schooling abilities at temperatures of 45 deg. and below.
The golden shiner is a lake species, preferring clean, clear, shallow, vegetated areas of lakes, reservoirs, rivers and streams. It eats algae, plankton, flying insects and occasionally small fish. It averages 5 inches in length and ranges between 3 and 12 inches. Shiners are probably one of the easiest baitfish to use. Because you can buy them at most bait shops, and they are easier to keep alive than Gizzard or Threadfin shad.
Alosa pseudoharengus Better known as Herring
Native to Atlantic costal waters:
In its native habitat, the alewife is an anadromous species, spending its adult life in saltwater and spawning in fresh or brackish rivers and streams. Eggs are broadcast and no parental care is provided.
They have been introduced into inland systems where they've established landlocked populations.
Alewife's prefer water temperatures around 60 degrees and may be killed by water temperatures above 84 and below 37 degrees. Alewife's are suited to lakes that remain cool or that thermally stratify and maintain cool middepths with sufficient oxygen. They feed primarily on zooplankton - small, often microscopic animals. Adults can reach lengths of 8 to 10 inches.
Stocking alewives as a pelagic food source has met both success and failure. Although alewife's have provided an important food source for pelagic predators, and sometimes for near shore predators as well, this small fish has been identified as a key factor in changing the entire dynamics of lake ecosystems. Because alewives feed efficiently on larger zooplankton species, they can restructure zooplankton communities to the point where only smaller zooplankton exist and in fewer numbers, leaving less food for other species that eat zooplankton. Reduction in sizes and numbers of zooplankton also can harm species that rely on large numbers of zooplankton early in life, such as largemouth bass, yellow perch, crappies and white bass!
Phylum Chordata -- chordates
Order Clupeiformes -- anchois, anchovies, harengs, herrings
Family Clupeidae -- aloses, harengs, herrings, menhadens, pilchards, sardines, sardines, shads, sprats, sprats
Subfamily Alosinae -- shads
Genus Alosa Linck, 1790 -- river herrings
Species Alosa aestivalis (Mitchill, 1814) -- alose d'été, blueback herring, blueback shad
Species Alosa agone (Scopoli, 1786)
Species Alosa alabamae Jordan and Evermann in Evermann, 1896 -- Alabama shad, Gulf shad, Ohio shad
Species Alosa algeriensis
Species Alosa alosa -- Alice shad, allis shad
Species Alosa braschnikowi Caspian marine shad
Species Alosa caspia- Caspian shad
Species Alosa chrysochloris -- blue herring, golden shad, green herring, river herring, skipjack, skipjack herring, skipjack shad
Species Alosa fallax
Species Alosa immaculata
Species Alosa kessleri Caspian anadromous shad
Species Alosa killarnensis
Species Alosa macedonica
Species Alosa maeotica Sea shad
Species Alosa mediocris bonejack, Fall herring, freshwater taylor, hickory jack, hickory shad, shad herring
Species Alosa pontica Pontic shad
Species Alosa pseudoharengus -- alewife, bigeye herring, branch herring, freshwater herring, gaspareau, gray herring, grayback, kyack, sawbelly, white herring
Species Alosa sapidissima alose savoureuse, american shad, American shad, Atlantic shad, common shad, white shad
Species Alosa saposchnikowii Saposhnikovi shad
Species Alosa sphaerocephala Agrakhan shad
Species Alosa suworowi
Species Alosa tanaica, Azov shad
Species Alosa vistonica
Species Alosa volgensis
American Eel click for more
Adult American eels migrate to the Sargasso Sea, a calm area in the southeast section of the Atlantic Ocean, to spawn and then probably die. After hatching, young eels migrate toward North America and enter freshwater systems to mature. Male eels remain near river mouths or in brackish water, but the females migrate upriver until they run into an impassable object. While in fresh water, eels are secretive and hide in deep pools around cover and then feed during the night. Adult eels primarily eat fish or crayfish, but will feed upon anything they find. Females spend between 5 and 20 years in freshwater.
ADULT SIZE: Male eels grow to about 18 inches, but females can reach up to 52 inches in length.
PHYLUM AND SUBPHYLUM - Chordata, CLASS AND SUBCLASS - Osteichthyes, ORDER AND SUBORDER - Anguilliformes, FAMILY AND SUBFAMILY - Anguillidae, GENUS AND SUBGENUS - Anguilla, SPECIES AND SSP - rostrata, SCIENTIFIC NAME - Anguilla rostrata
COMMENTS ON TAXONOMY -
The specific distinctness of American eel and European eel
is still being questioned *3104
Crustaceans (lobster Shrimp and crabs)All crustaceans are suitable as striper bait such as many species of shrimp, crab and Lobster especially. Grass shrimp is a comon striped bass and hybrid bait.
More to come
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